Historic Places

Lyons historic places showcase local sandstone

HISTORY.X-12251

Lyons Depot prior to restoration. Photo courtesy Denver Public Library

PEAK TO PEAK
Colorado’s rich history is being preserved through the efforts of locally- and nationally-designated historic places. Each month this year, the MMAC Monthly takes a region-by-region look at the many properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the mountain communities in Clear Creek, Gilpin, Boulder and Larimer counties.

The passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. For a property to be eligible, it must meet at least one of four main criteria involving architectural styles, association with various aspects of social history and commerce, ownership and design/construction.

In the 1860s, when population growth in the mountain areas around Boulder began to boom thanks to the new gold camps, discouraged miners left the mountains to settle into farming areas along creeks like the St. Vrain. The area near present-day Lyons had ideal farming conditions and in 1880, Connecticut native Edward S. Lyon settled there. He returned east to sell shares of his 160 acres of durable, salmon-red sandstone, which was in high demand for building at the time, and two years later, the town was platted.

In 1881, Lyons officially became a town when Thomas G. Putman bought and resurveyed the area. The town built its first main building that same year. It was a red sandstone schoolhouse, which is the Lyons Redstone Museum today.

In the early 1900s, cement began to replace sandstone as a building material and the town’s population dropped to half its size. It wasn’t until the 1960s that Lyons brought new residents, particularly commuters, as employment opportunities grew in neighboring cities such as Boulder and Longmont.

Today, Lyons is referred to as the “Double Gateway to the Rockies,” and is known for its unique art, major folk and bluegrass music festivals, and mountain recreation.

LYONS, COLORADO
OLdStoneChurchFirst Congregational/ Old Stone Church
Built in 1894, the church is one of the oldest unaltered buildings in Lyons. The walls, of Lyons sandstone, are 20 inches thick and the blocks used in construction were hand-cut, squared, and laid in irregular courses. Locals call First Congregational the “Old Stone Church.”

Longmont Power Plant
Since 1912, Longmont Power & Communications has owned and operated the 500 kW hydroelectric plant located just west of Lyons. The plant is one of the first public power projects in Colorado, and it continues to serve its original purpose today. Each year the plant helps offset up to $173,000 in purchased power costs, benefitting local customers.

In 1987, the U.S. Department of the Interior entered the Longmont Hydroelectric Plant on the National Register of Historic Places and on Jan. 5, 2012, reached its first century in full operation.

Lyons Railroad Depot
Longmont contractor Mark Boyd built the Lyons Railroad Depot in 1885 utilizing native Lyons sandstone. Used first by the narrow gauge Denver, Utah and Pacific Railroad, the depot served passengers and freight until declining traffic brought its closure in the 1940s. A recent addition to the depot facilitates its use as a library.

The community pooled efforts in the late 1970s to transform the abandoned building into the Lyons Depot Library. Graffiti over 100 years old was discovered behind boarded walls. An interior sandstone wall near the checkout desk show the marks of the masons’ tools. Functional historic rolling doors allowed for special indoor-outdoor programs. The Longmont Pioneer Museum returned the original station identification sign which was placed inside.

Powerful flood waters destroyed many homes and severely damaged roads and buildings, including the Lyons Depot Library on Sept. 12, 2013. Many library materials were destroyed and everything else was placed in a storage pod for safekeeping.

As renovations continue at the Depot building, the library moved to a storefront on Main Street. in 2014. The Depot is currently being carefully repaired, preserving its historic designation. At some point, the Depot will once again be the library’s home.

Lyons Sandstone Buildings
Lyons has a Designated Historic District, with 15 sandstone structures—including many on Seward, Main and High streets—which are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. These were all constructed of native stone by master craftsmen between the early 1870s and 1917. They include commercial, residential and public buildings. Architects and builders employed Lyons sandstone because of its quality and distinctive red color. Masons used the stone in structures across Colorado, and it was exported as far east as Chicago and New York.

Meadow Park Shelter House
Built in 1933, the shelter’s design is typical of WPA construction. It was constructed with water, sand, and rocks from the nearby river; timber and sheeting from area lumber mills; and labor supplied by the workers of Lyons.

North_St._Vrain_Creek_BridgeNorth St. Vrain Creek Bridge
The 60-foot long single span concrete rigid frame structure crosses North St. Vrain Creek at the southern edge of Lyons. Constructed in 1955 by Lowdermilk Brothers, from a design by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads, the essentially unaltered bridge serves as an important component along the major access route to Roosevelt National Forest.

Historic Places: Lyons, Colorado
First Congregational/Old Stone Church

Location: 717 4th Ave.
Date Listed: National Register Dec. 12, 1976

Longmont Power Plant
Location: Old Apple Valley Road
Date Listed: National Register Sept. 10, 1987

Lyons Railroad Depot
Location: 400 block of Broadway
Date Listed: National Register Dec. 2, 1974

Lyons Sandstone Buildings
Location: U.S. Hwy. 36 and Colo. Hwy. 7
Date Listed: National Register April 29, 1980

Meadow Park Shelter House
Location: 600 Park Dr.
Date Listed: National Register April 29, 1980

North St. Vrain Creek Bridge
Location: Colo. Hwy. 7
Date Listed: National Register Oct. 15, 2002

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